Fingerprint Examination Department

International Data Exchange Unit

International Data Exchange Unit is responsible for maintaining the Eurodac National Access Point and National Contact Point for exchange of fingerprint data.

The experience of the EU Member States shows that asylum seekers submit applications in various countries at the same time and quite frequently falsify their personal data. To prevent this from happening, databases with fingerprints of asylum applicants are rendered available to all MS as well as non-EU countries in Europe. The databases store fingerprint images of asylum seekers, which prevents possible mistakes in identification of aliens and allows for detection of possible personal data forgery cases. The database data allow to identify the country – point of entry where the asylum seeker entered the territory of the European Union and thus responsible for the analysis of a relevant asylum application.

Tasks of NAP Eurodac:
  • acquisition of data from alien TPs and verification of search results in AFIS;
  • transfer of fingerprint data of aliens and verification of search results in Eurodac;
  • to provide information on AFIS and Eurodac search results;
  • to provide consultancy to the representatives of offices for foreigners, within the competence of NAP Eurodac;
  • to participate in professional development schemes pertinent to the tasks of the Unit and to improve operating procedures.
Legal basis for Eurodac:
Council Regulation (EC) No 2725/2000 of 11 December 2000 concerning the establishment of ‘Eurodac’ for the comparison of fingerprints for the effective application of the Dublin Convention. Council Regulation (EC) No 407/2002 of 28 February 2002 laying down certain rules to implement Council Regulation (EC) No 2725/2000 of 11 December 2000 concerning the establishment of ‘Eurodac’ for the comparison of fingerprints for the effective application of the Dublin Convention.
National Contact Point for exchange of fingerprint data
The provisions allowing for increased level of detection, enforcement and prevention of crime as well as the direct exchange of data (including fingerprints) between the EU Member States have been implemented to the Community law. These provisions have been also implemented to national legislation resulting in the commitment of setting up national contact point to ensure international exchange of fingerprint data with AFIS databases of other EU Member States as well as verification of search results. AFIS systems in each MS shall ensure the access for automated search or comparison of fingerprint data on 7/24 basis.
The tasks of National Contact Point for exchange of fingerprint data include:
  • preparation and forwarding the requests on TPs and LPs submitted by national law enforcement and justice system agencies and other legal subjects, to AFIS (automated fingerprint identification systems) of other EU MS;
  • verification of search results in AFIS databases of other MS;
  • to provide information on automated search results in AFIS of other EU MS;
  • to provide consultancy to the representatives of offices for foreigners, within the competence of NAP Eurodac;
  • to participate in professional development schemes pertinent to the tasks of the Unit and to improve operating procedures.